Family
Habit
1=herb
2=tree
3=liana
4=epiphyte
sap
0=no
1=white
2=yellow
3=red
4=resin
5=black
stems armed
0=no
1=yes
Leaves crowded at twig tip
0=no
1=yes
leaf
1=alternate
2=opposite
3=whorled
Stipules
0=absent
1=present
Leaf
1=simple
2=compound
Leaflets arrangement
1=alternate
2=opposite
3=palmate
4=trifoliolate
Leaflets number
1=even
2=odd
leaf margin
0=toothless
1=toothed
leaf
0=unlobed
1=lobed
venation
1=feather
2=tri
3=parallel
4=not visible
5=palmate
venation
0=no
1=marginal vein
petiole
0=not thickened
1=base thickened
2=top thickened
3=both

Combretaceae
2, 3
0
0, 1
0, 1
1, 2
0
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0

....Anogeissus
2
0
1
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Combretum
3
0
0
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Terminalia
2
0
0
0, 1
1, 2
0
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0

Melastomataceae
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1, 2, 3
0
0

....Melastoma
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
2, 3
0, 1
0

....Memecylon
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Rosaceae
2
0
0
0, 1
1
1
1


1
0
1
0
0

....Eriobotrya
2
0
0
1
1
1
1


1
0
1
0
0

....Prunus
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


1
0
1
0
0

Apocynaceae
2
1
0, 1
0, 1
2, 3
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Alstonia
2
1
0
1
3
0
1


0
0
1
1
0

....Carissa
2
1
1
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Rauvolfia
2
1
0
1
3
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Tabernaemontana
2
1
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Wrightia
2
1
0
0, 1
2, 3
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Fabaceae
2, 3
0, 3
0, 1
0, 1
1
1
1, 2
1, 2, 4
1, 2
0
0
1, 2, 5
0
1, 3

....Adenanthera
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Albizia
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
1

....Archidendron
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
3

....Bauhinia
2, 3
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
5
0
3

....Caesalpinia
2
0
1
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
1

....Cassia
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
1

....Cynometra
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
1

....Dialium
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
1, 2
1, 2
0
0
1
0
1

....Erythrina
2
0
1
0, 1
1
1
2
4
2
0
0
2
0
1

....Parkia
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
1
1
0
0
1
0
1

....Pterocarpus
2
3
0
0
1
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Saraca
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
0
1

Symplocaceae
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
1
0
0

....Symplocos
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
1
0
0

Magnoliaceae
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
1

....Magnolia
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
1

Primulaceae
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0

....Ardisia
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0

....Maesa
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
1
0
0

Lamiaceae
2
0, 3
0
0, 1
2
0
1, 2


0, 1
0
1, 2, 5
0
0, 1

....Clerodendron
2
0
0
0, 1
2
0
1


1
0
5
0
1

....Gmelina
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
2
0
0

....Tectona
2
0, 3
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
1

....Vitex
2
0
0
0
2
0
2
3
2
0, 1
0
1
0
0

Dilleniaceae
2
0
0
0, 1
1
1
1


1
0
1
0
1

....Dillenia
2
0
0
0, 1
1
1
1


1
0
1
0
1

Euphorbiaceae
2
0, 3
0
0, 1
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1, 2
0
0, 3

....Alchornea
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


1
0
2
0
3

....Croton
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Macaranga
2
0, 3
0
0, 1
1
1
1


0
0
2
0
0

....Mallotus
2
0
0
0, 1
1
1
1


0
0
2
0
0, 3

....Trigonostemon
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


1
0
1
0
0

Phyllanthaceae
2, 3
0
0, 1
0, 1
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0, 3

....Antidesma
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0, 3

....Aporosa
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
3

....Baccaurea
2
0
0
1
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
3

....Cleistanthus
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Glochidion
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Phyllanthus
2, 3
0
0, 1
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

Putranjivaceae
2
0
0
0
1
0, 1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Drypetes
2
0
0
0
1
0, 1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0

Araliaceae
2
0
0, 1
1
1
0
1, 2


0
0, 1
1, 5
0
1

....Schefflera
2
0
0
1
1
0
2
3
1, 2
0
0
1
0
1

....Trevesia
2
0
1
1
1
0
1


0
1
5
0
1

Burseraceae
2
1, 4
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
1
0
1
0
1

....Canarium
2
1, 4
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
1
0
1
0
1

....Garuga
2
0
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
1
0
1
0
1

Bignoniaceae
2
0
0
0
2
0
2
2
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Dolichandrone
2
0
0
0
2
0
2
2
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Radermachera
2
0
0
0
2
0
2
2
2
0
0
1
0
1

Coniferales
2
4
0
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
1, 3
0
0

....Araucaria
2
4
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Pinus
2
4
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Podocarpus
2
4
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Gnetum
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Anacardiaceae
2
1,4 4, 5
0
0, 1
1
0
1, 2


0
0
1
0, 1
1

....Choerospondias
2
0
0
0, 1
1
0
2
2
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Mangifera
2
1, 4, 5
0
1
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
1

....Spondias
2
0
0
0, 1
1
0
2
1, 2
2
0
0
1
1
1

Barringtoniaceae
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Barringtonia
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


0, 1
0
1
0
1

Rubiaceae
1, 2, 3
0, 3
0, 1
0
2
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
0

....Anthocephallus
2
0
0
0
2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Canthium
2
0
1
0
2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Gardenia
2
3
0
1
2
1
1


1
0
1
0
0

....Ixora
2
0
0
0
2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Lasianthus
2
0
0
0
2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Morinda
2
0
0
1
2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

Orchidaceae
1, 4
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Dendrobium
4
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Paphiopedilum
1
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

Nepenthaceae
1
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
4
0
0

Malvaceae
2
0
0, 1
0, 1
1
1
1, 2


0, 1
0, 1
1, 2, 5
0
0, 1, 3

....Bombax
2
0
1
1
1
1
2
3
2
0
0
5
0
1

....Grewia
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


1
0
1, 2
0
2

....Heritiera
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1, 2
0
2

....Hibiscus
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


1
0
2, 5
0
3

....Pterospermum
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0, 1
2
0
0

....Scaphium
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0, 1
2, 5
0
3

....Sterculia
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
3

Icacinaceae
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Apodytes
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Gonocaryum
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Pittosporopsis
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Ebenaceae
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Diospyros
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Theaceae
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
1
0
0

....Camellia
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
1
0
0

....Gordonia
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


1
0
1
0
0

Arecaceae
2, 3
0
0, 1
0, 1
1
0
1


0
0, 1
3, 5
0
1

....Borassus
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


0
0, 1
5
0
1

....Calamus
3
0
1
0
1
0
1


0
1
3
0
1

....Caryota
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


1
1
3
0
1

....Pinanga
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


0
1
3
0
1

....Livistona
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


0
0, 1
5
0
1

Sapotaceae
2
1
0
0, 1
1, 2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0, 1

....Chrysophyllum
2
1
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Eberhardtia
2
1
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Madhuca
2
1
0
1
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
1

....Sarcosperma
2
1
0
0
1, 2
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

Araceae
1, 3
0, 1
0, 1
0
1
0
1, 2


0
0
1, 2, 3, 4
0, 1
1

....Alocasia
1
0, 1
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
2
0
1

....Pothos
3
0, 1
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1, 2, 3, 4
0
0, 1

....Syngonium
3
0, 1
0
0
1
0
2
3
2
0
0
2
1
1

Meliaceae
2
0, 1
0
0, 1
1
0
2
1, 2
1, 2
0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Aglaia
2
0, 1
0
0, 1
1
0
2
1, 2
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Dysoxylum
2
0
0
0, 1
1
0
2
1
1, 2
0
0
1
0
1

....Melia
2
0
0
1
1
0
2
2
2
0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Toona
2
0
0
1
1
0
2
2
2
0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Walsura
2
0
0
0, 1
1
0
2
2
2
0
0
1
0
1

Elaeocarpaceae
2
0
0
0, 1
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
3

....Elaeocarpus
2
0
0
0, 1
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
3

Dipterocarpaceae
2
4
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0, 2

....Dipterocarpus
2
4
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
2

....Hopea
2
4
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0, 2

....Shorea
2
4
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0, 2

....Vatica
2
4
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
2

Lythraceae
2
0
0, 1
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
1
0, 1
0

....Duabanga
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
1
0

....Lagerstroemia
2
0
0, 1
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Guttiferae
2
1, 2
0, 1
0
2
0
1


0
0
1, 4
0
0

....Calophyllum
2
1, 2
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1 (dense)
0
0

....Cratoxylum
2
1, 2
0, 1
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Garcinia
2
1, 2
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1, 4
0
0

....Mesua/Kayea
2
1, 2
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Poaceae
1, 2
0
0, 1
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Bambusoideae
1, 2
0
0, 1
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Oryza
1
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

Zingiberaceae
1
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Alpinia
1
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

....Cucurma
1
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
3
0
0

Moraceae
2, 3, 4
1
0, 1
0, 1
1, 2
1
1


0, 1
0
1, 2, 4
0
0

....Artocarpus
2
1
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Ficus
2, 3, 4
1
0
0, 1
1, 2
1
1


0, 1
0
1, 2, 4
0
0

....Morus
2
1
0
0
1
1
1


1
0
1, 2
0
0

....Streblus
2
1
0, 1
0
1
1
1


1
0
1, 2
0
0

Sapindaceae
2
0
0
0, 1
1
0
2
1, 2
1, 2
0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Harpullia
2
0
0
0
1
0
2
1
1
0
0
1
0
1

....Litchi
2
0
0
1
1
0
2
1
1, 2
0
0
1
0
1

....Nephelium
2
0
0
0, 1
1
0
2
1
2
0
0
1
0
1

....Pometia
2
0
0
1
1
0
2
2
1
1
0
1
0
1

Myristicaceae
2
3
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Horsfieldia
2
3
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Knema
2
3
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Annonaceae
2, 3
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Artabotrys
3
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Cananga
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Goniothalamus
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Polyalthia
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Uvaria
3
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Fagaceae
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Castanopsis
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
1

....Lithocarpus
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0
0
1
0
1

....Quercus
2
0
0
0
1
1
1


0, 1
0
1
0
1

Lauraceae
2
0
0
0, 1
1, 2, 3
0
1


0
0
1, 2
0
0

....Actinodaphne
2
0
0
1
1, 3
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Alseodaphne
2
0
0
1
1
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

....Cinnamomum
2
0
0
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
2
0
0

....Cryptocarya
2
0
0
0
1
0
1


0
0
1, 2
0
0

....Litsea
2
0
0
0
1, 2
0
1


0
0
1
0
0

Myrtaceae
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
1
0

....Syzygium
2
0
0
0
2
0
1


0
0
1
1
0