Family description

Small trees without exudate and hollow twigs.
Leaves alternate, spiral, usually crowded at twig tips, simple, usually margin toothed. Stipules present, but strongly reduced and often not visible.
Flowers often placed in vary long, dangling racemes, bisexual, stamens numerous, colourful and long, protruding far from actual flower, ovary inferior, 2-6-locular, with long slender style.
Fruit large, woody drupes, with persistent calyx and style on top.

General info

Distribution African and Asian tropics, but most common in Asia. Genera 5, with ca. 50 species.
Ecology Often on swampy places in the forest understorey. Usually pollinated at night by bats or moths.
Uses Timber.
Similar to Anacardiaceae, but these differ in the black exudate and solid twigs. Sapotaceae, but these have white sap.

Treated genera

  • Barringtonia
  • Careya

Barringtoniaceae.pdf

Barringtonia_macrostachya.jpg
Barringtonia macrostachya